Afghan Hounds are one of the oldest breed of dog on this planet. They have distinctive fine, thick and silky coat, along with a ring curl at tail end. They are usually known for hunting and chasing smaller animals. They are rather glamorous dogs that associate with owners easily. However, this breed requires extensive exercise and proper grooming, everyday.
The dog breed requires extensive care, in comparison to other breeds. They are also fancy-lovers by nature and love to rest and lie throughout the day. However, due to their mostly lethargic nature, they attract a number of diseases. Apart from this, the long fur or hair of the Hounds is a major cause that indirectly leads to innumerable diseases in the breed.
Chronic dysplasia and paralysis
Most dogs under this breed mainly suffer from major chronic diseases like laryngeal paralysis and blood-clots (von Willebrand’s disease). They are also prone to elbow dysplasia and hip dysplasia, although such cases are comparatively lower.
Afghan Hound breed possesses long hairs that certainly accumulate dust particles and mud in huge quantities. As a result, the breed of dog is susceptible to innumerable skin diseases. Long hairs also obscure the vision of such dogs that leads to debris and dirt collection. It results in various diseases that remains covered under the long body hair and is unlikely to be inspected without careful observation.
Long hairs covering the years also accumulate dirt in the ear canals triggering ear infection. Bacterial infection through allergies, resulting in itchy skin is a common phenomenon.
The dog breed is susceptible to syndrome of medial canthal pocket. The disease is also triggered due to accumulation of dust in eye pockets.
Apart from eye diseases borne from dust and dirt accumulation, the breed is also affected by other eye diseases. Cataracts are of serious concern. The dog breed even faces danger of losing eye-sight due to cataract.
Afghan Hounds are also prone to cherry eye disease and corneal dystrophy. There are also a number of medical cases involving retinal dysplasia, retinal atrophy and glaucoma in such dog breed.
Diseases of alimentary tract
Afghan Hounds also attract several diseases in their mouth, small intestine, oesophagus, large intestine, pancreas, liver etc.
They are also at high risk to suffer from syndrome of emergency gastrointestinal disorders, otherwise known as bloat.
The breed is susceptible to degeneration of white matter from the spine. The disease is categorized under genetic disease and is autosomal-recessive in nature. Affected dogs show a bunny-hop gait that expands to paraplegia. It tends to respiratory distress, collapse and death.
It is therefore a priority to keep the dogs completely clean and tidy. Owners should take effective measures to make the dog perform several physical activities and should also groom then extensively everyday.